Serious researches on soil-free gardening were started in the 1950s; however, this idea had been there from ancient times onwards. The hanging gardens of Babylon and the floating gardens of ancient Chinese Empire were sharing the same concept. It is proven that hydroponics can enhance the plant growth rate by 50% when compared to the soil-grown plants.
On doing it perfectly, hydroponics also offers extra yield. In many countries, hydroponics is an effective alternative to soil-based cultivation during cold months, and for indoor plant growing, this is the most reliable option. The key advantages of hydroponics include, but not limited to:
• Plants are growing faster than soil.
• About 20% to 25% extra yield.
• Ideal for the areas with infertile garden soil.
• Ideal for apartment dwellers.
• Takes only lesser space.
The first step to set up a hydroponics garden is to choose the most appropriate system for you. The options are.
1. Ebb & Flow
Ebb and Flow is the most basic and classic type of hydroponics system. It is easy to build for beginners and can contain plant pots of any size. The plants are arrayed on to a drain table that is filled with 3 inches of water supplemented with nutrient solution.
2. Top Drip
The top Drip system is also a common Hydroponics systems for beginners, which is standard drip system with nutrient solution held in the reservoir and pumped to the plants through the tubing. Excess solution is drained through a hole at the pot bottom.
3. Deep Water Culture
Being a highly economical model of hydroponics, plants are grown at net pots suspended in the floating plank. There is a shallow pan underneath the plank which contains nutrient solution whereas the roots grow through the pots to reach to this solution.
4. Wick system
For beginners, it may be the simplest hydroponics system. There is no pump, aerators, or pumps used in this system. The nutrient is fed direct to the plant roots using a cotton wick, which his installed at the pot bottom as a wicking mat.
You can first study your requirements and the type of plants you grow plus the available space to decide over choosing the most appropriate system for hydroponics cultivation.